Orientation

When going to the forest, on a hike or for mushrooms, it is recommended to inform someone in advance about this, specify which direction you intend to choose and for how long you plan to stay. This will guarantee that if you suddenly do not return home at the designated time, your searches will begin. If you get lost without warning anyone in advance, you should not panic.

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Are you going camping? Then it's time to think about how to provide leisure for yourself and others. Games on the hike not only allow you to have fun, but also help children get acquainted with the world around them, teens learn how to work in a team, and adults forget at least for a while about workdays. Information from our article can be a good help for parents, preschool teachers, counselors for children’s camps and just those who go on a weekend trip.

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The presence of a car is a significant plus for a modern person. In addition to convenience in everyday life, the car offers great opportunities in terms of recreation. Traveling by car is suitable for those who do not like to limit themselves in time and be confined to one place. Planning a trip by car Be sure to plan the route in detail Spontaneity is a good thing if you know when and where to use it.

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We all studied geography at school and are familiar with the term "altitude" firsthand. This definition can be found in popular science television programs, on the pages of magazines, newspapers and other media. Let's look at modern ways to determine it. What is the height above sea level? The sea level, relative to which the distance to the object is measured, is a water surface at rest, perpendicular to the resultant forces applied to the mass of water.

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With the onset of warm days, it's time to go hiking in the forest. There are many reasons for sorties into nature, some go on vacation, others go for mushrooms and berries. But, regardless of the reason, everyone can get lost in more often. Useful information on how not to get lost in the forest will help to avoid trouble and even save a life.

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Imprints of feathered limbs from pokon centuries are important information not only in the process of hunting, but also in the study of their habits. Traces of birds in the snow are the most convenient material because they retain the most accurate print. At first glance, their analysis may seem like a simple procedure, but it's not so simple.

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Experienced trackers know that a lot of information can be found out from the print of an animal’s footprint: gender, age, where it was headed, and how long it was. Tracks of lynx in the snow are quite characteristic and not difficult to identify. The traveler who discovered them has the opportunity not only to see this wild cat, but also to study its behavior in its natural habitat.

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There are many ways to determine the cardinal points. Using a compass is the easiest one. But sometimes it happens that there is no compass at hand, or it is lost, broken. In this case, the location of the north, south, west and east can be found using other methods. North, south, west, east: the location on the map North on the map is always on top To find the cardinal directions on a map, you need to remember that, regardless of scale and purpose, north, south, west and east are always located the same way: the north side is always on top , southern bottom, western left, and eastern right.

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Residents of the Northern Hemisphere do not wonder - how to find a polar star. From an early age, they can easily determine where the north side is and find Cepheid - another name for the northern luminary. The night sky helps travelers, lost travelers to find the right path. The fact is that the celestial luminary is always in one place and, more precisely, orientates the compass by the terrain and this is often used by astronomers.

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The patterns of natural phenomena identified as a result of long-term observations of our ancestors, over time, have turned into folk signs. By the behavior of animals and birds, as well as other signs, it was possible to find out the nature of the weather in the near future or for the season ahead. Numerous signs of predicting nature are plausible to this day.

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Despite the secrecy of its lifestyle, the typical forest dweller, the squirrel, leaves many traces in both summer and winter. The squirrel hunt is carried out mainly with the help of husky squirrel, as well as traps and airplanes. In all cases, the hunter must be able to distinguish its tracks in the snow or on damp ground.

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Surely, everyone knows about the existence of true azimuth and magnetic azimuth. They do not coincide in the same way as the geographic pole of the Earth with the magnetic. Therefore, orientation on the ground should be made taking into account their difference. This is necessary in order not to encounter the difficulty when access to the intended point on the map of the area is indicated by different compass readings and azimuth measurements on the map.

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When hunting a fox, as well as a wolf or other animal, it is important to distinguish fox tracks, the trajectory of its movement, the passage length, and also its prints on the snow surface of various structures on snow. In addition, foxes are recorded using paw prints. The habitats of this animal are sparse forests, fields, river valleys.

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It is very important for a novice hunter to distinguish the traces of a hare from other animals, as well as to trace the trajectory of his movement, because in the winter hunting for a hare is more accessible than for another animal. The whole hare's path, laid during the night, starting from the place of the den to the lodge (feeding place) and back to the bed, is called a malik.

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Since ancient times, in order not to get lost in the forest during a campaign for mushrooms or berries, people used folk orienteering signs that remain relevant to this day. The isolation of modern man from nature and his close connection with technical means of orienting himself on the terrain, such as a navigator, and other gadgets, make him vulnerable to nature in the event of a loss of a landmark in the dead often with faulty communications or in their absence.

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A system of geographical coordinates is necessary in order to accurately determine the location of an object on the surface of the Earth. As you know, this system consists of geographical latitude and longitude. The first element of this system is the angle between the local zenith (noon) and the equatorial plane, representing a value from 0 to 90 degrees to the west or east of the equatorial boundary.

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Symbols of a map or plan are a kind of their alphabet, by which they can be read, find out the nature of the area, the presence of certain objects, and evaluate the landscape. As a rule, conventional signs on the map convey common features with existing geographical objects in reality. The ability to decipher cartographic designations is indispensable when making hiking trips, especially to distant and unfamiliar areas.

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It happens that a tourist or hunter, while in the forest, does not have a compass. To determine your location and the desired location, you can navigate the moon. This process is more complex and not as accurate as orientation with respect to stars or the sun, but sometimes this is the only way when stars are not visible at night.

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When you are in an unfamiliar area or before entering the forest, you need to determine the location of the cardinal points to imagine where to move. If you have a compass with you, the orientation problem has been resolved. But what if the compass is missing? In this case, the definition of cardinal points by analogue wristwatch will save.

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When you are in an unfamiliar area, especially if the map is not detailed enough with conditional coordinates or no one at all, you need to focus on the eye, determining the distance to the target in various ways. For experienced travelers and hunters, the determination of distances is carried out not only with the help of many years of practice and skills, but also with a special tool - a range finder.

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