An unpleasant surprise in the form of poisoning can catch a person anywhere and anytime, especially often in the summer. In most cases, bacteria and viruses that cause poisoning of the body, get inside with food, but there are other sources - objects and things that an infected person touched and through which pathogens of gastroenteritis are transmitted to a healthy person. In order not to aggravate the situation during poisoning, when the first symptoms of poisoning occur, it is necessary to take measures to cleanse the body and alleviate its condition. It is especially important to do this if the poisoning has occurred in a pregnant woman, child or elderly person. We learn about what to do in case of poisoning, and how to prevent deterioration.
Types of PoisoningThere are two types of poisoning: these are toxic food infectious and non-infectious toxic
Types of poisoning can be divided into two types: these are toxic food infectious and non-infectious toxic poisonings. The first type is caused by eating contaminated pathogens. Toxic foodborne infection can occur when stale foods are consumed or when sanitary rules are not followed. The most common infectious agents are:
- Clostridia botulism or Clostridia perfringens: develops in the body due to poor processing of meat products, as well as chicken and legumes.
- Staphylococcus aureus: actively multiplies in any products stored for a long time at room temperature.
- Bacillus cereus: develops in perishable foods, and is also found in rice infected with this bacterium long before processing.
The second type of poisoning occurs due to the ingestion of food or ingestion of chemical and natural toxins in another way. It can be poisonous mushrooms and berries, chemicals that penetrate the body along with poorly washed and processed vegetables and fruits, including nitrates. The group of non-infectious poisoning is also supplemented by the intake of methyl alcohol, vinegar. Non-infectious toxic poisoning is the most dangerous, therefore, at the slightest sign of non-infectious poisoning, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Fortunately, the first type is most common, so you need to know what to do with such stomach poisoning.
Symptoms and signsSymptoms and signs of poisoning
The incubation period of exposure to pathogenic microorganisms in humans is from 2 to 24 hours. The rate of manifestation of symptoms of food poisoning depends on the general resistance of the human body to various pathogens, as well as the amount of toxic substances and the type of toxin.
After the incubation period of the pathogen passes, the following symptoms appear:
- Pain, cramping in the epigastrium, passing into the intestinal region.
- Nausea, vomiting
- Fever up to 38 degrees, chills. However, the temperature does not always rise.
- Diarrhea, increased gas
- Weakness, headache, dizziness
- Heart palpitations
- Possible visual impairment
- Profuse salivation
If signs of dehydration are added to these symptoms after relief measures are taken, a doctor should be called in urgently. / Wpmfc_cab_ss
Signs of dehydration appear as follows:
- Dry mouth
- Decreased frequency and quantity of urination.
If there are signs of visual impairment, confusion and loss of consciousness, hallucinations, this indicates infection with salmonellosis or botulism. If such symptoms are observed in conjunction with an increase in body temperature above 38 degrees, you should immediately bring the victim to the hospital for medical assistance.
What to do in case of poisoning in the first place?The victim must take sorbents that will help remove toxic toxins from the body.
In severe poisoning, as in the presence of mild forms of intoxication, it is necessary to provide pre-medical measures, which are as follows:
- Rinse the stomach using warm boiled water or a weak solution of soda (1 tablespoon of soda per 1.5-2 liters of warm water) or manganese. Rinsing should be done until the fluid leaving the body becomes a transparent color.
- The victim should take sorbents that will help to remove toxic toxins from the body, for example, activated carbon or polysorb, smecta, enterosgel. In addition to removing toxins from the body, activated charcoal prevents the absorption of toxic substances into the blood. The dosage for oral administration of activated carbon is calculated on the basis of 1 tablet per 10 kg of body weight. With severe poisoning, the dosage should be increased. You can also take white coal - this is a concentrated sorbent that removes only toxins, while leaving nutrients inside the body. The dosage of white coal for an adult is 2-4 tablets.
- In order to prevent the dehydration process, which develops due to diarrhea and vomiting, it is necessary to provide the victim with plenty of water. You can dilute a weak saline solution (at the rate of 1 teaspoon of table salt per 1 liter of boiled water) to solder a person who has been poisoned. To replenish the body's water balance, you can also use weak freshly brewed sweet tea, mineral water or fruit drinks. In no case should you drink sweet soda or alcohol. The volume of drink should be at least 2-3 liters per day. To replenish the water-salt balance, you can also use a pharmacy, for example, "Regidron" or "Oralit". They contain special minerals and glucose that help with dehydration.
- Provide the patient with peace, especially with severe poisoning until the disappearance of obvious signs of intoxication.
- If you are worried about severe chills, you can use a heating pad to increase body temperature.
- To alleviate the condition of the poisoned, you can use antidiarrheal and painkillers, but antibiotics can only be given to him after an accurate diagnosis has been made by a doctor.
If, after the measures taken, the acute symptoms do not stop for more than two days or more, and besides, vomiting and diarrhea do not stop, the victim needs emergency ambulance.
Folk remedies for poisoningA cooked dill broth mixed with honey perfectly eliminates the first signs of a mild intestinal infection.
Traditional healers also have methods for ridding the body of toxic toxic substances. It should be borne in mind that they should be used only for mild intoxications:
- First of all, it is recommended to take a shock dose of ascorbic acid.
- Cooked broth of dill, mixed with honey, perfectly eliminates the first signs of a mild intestinal infection.
- Marshmallow root infusion is also a good method to cleanse the body of toxins.
- You can make tea from ground ginger. It has a strong immunomodulatory effect, and also disinfects and eliminates toxins.
- The rapid withdrawal of toxic substances is facilitated by tincture of astragalus, eleutherococcus or powder from seaweed. All of these drugs are sold at the pharmacy.
- If acute symptoms are present, an infusion of rose hips or aronia with a heavy drink will help to improve well-being.
RecoveryKeep clean in the kitchen and while cooking
After the acute symptoms have stopped, you can eat only on the third day. It should be rice soups, cereals made from sticky cereals, crackers or dried without additives. Do not eat meals that irritate the gastric mucosa (spicy, smoked, pickled, salty).
After the vomiting stops, you can start using tools that help restore the intestinal microflora. Such drugs include Hilak forte, Linex, Mezim and others. If you feel much better, you can go to the bathhouse or sauna, have a massage, and perform simple physical exercises. Together with the release of sweat during any of these measures, toxins remaining in the body will be released.
In order to protect yourself from the repetition of such an unpleasant situation as intoxication, some preventive actions should be performed:
- Wash hands before eating and after entering the house from the street.
- Follow the rules of storage of products in accordance with the temperature regime and shelf life.
- Keep clean in the kitchen and while cooking.
- Approach the choice of products in markets and stores with all responsibility, and never buy suspicious food that has expired.
- Do not drink raw tap water
- Do not eat in dubious establishments.