First aid when falling from a height depends on what injuries were received and what height was. Assistance methods vary depending on injuries of different organs and parts of the body.
How to help when falling from a small height?First aid when falling from a small height
When a fall occurs from a small height, the victim is often conscious. It is necessary to respond quickly and try to immediately assess the injuries if you or another person fell:
- First of all, the victim is carefully examined for abrasions, bruises, and wounds.
- It is necessary to ask the victim to move his fingers and toes, completely with limbs. This will help determine if the spine and bones were damaged when it hit.
- If there is a risk that the victim could hit his head, you must definitely ask the person (if he is conscious) about whether his head hurts, whether there is nausea, dizziness, as these may be signs of concussion.
Head injury is the most dangerous, even if closed. It is important to consult a doctor immediately for help. When a head hit, a hematoma could form, which would subsequently cause serious harm.
If the incident cost minor abrasions, scratches and bruises, then you need to help the victim get to the house, heal his wounds, give a sedative, apply cold to bruises.
The most common injury, if a person has happened to fall from a small height, is bruises, especially of the knee joint. They are characterized by swelling, swelling and hematoma. First aid for knee injury in the fall: you need to provide rest to the bruised area and give it an elevated position in relation to the rest of the body, this will help reduce hemorrhage in the soft tissues. A heavy pressure bandage and cold (compresses, ice) should be applied to the bruise (joint) itself.
Helping the FallenEmergency
First aid in the event of a fall from a height upon detection of serious life-threatening injuries is an emergency medical emergency call. Prior to their arrival, the victim must be immobilized and provided with a state of rest. When falling from a great height, a person always loses consciousness from a head and spine injury, from pain shock, concussion.
First aid for a fallen from a high altitude is as follows:
- Immediately call emergency care and report on the condition and whereabouts of the victim.
- Without moving and changing the position of the victim, find and measure his pulse. To do this, attach the index and middle finger to the large artery on the neck.
- In case of a head injury, first aid is aimed at preventing the entry of vomit into the respiratory tract. The victim needs to ensure a horizontal position and cold on the head area. After examination at the emergency room, the patient takes the prescribed medication and observes bed rest.
- If the victim has kept his heartbeat and breathing, then nothing more should be done.
The exception is heavy blood loss. Very often, when falling from a great height, soft tissues and blood vessels rupture, which provokes extensive blood loss. Such damage often causes the death of the victim. Therefore, we must try to provide all possible measures to stop the hemorrhage. In this situation, a tight bandage or tourniquet applied in the area of the open wound will help, while the patient and the bleeding limb should not be moved.
If palpitations and breathing are absent, it is important to apply cardiopulmonary resuscitation. To do this, turn the victim on his back and give the victim a closed heart massage (30 pressings to a depth of about 5 cm must be performed) and artificial respiration by mouth or mouth or nose (2 breaths in a row, not 1).
In this case, the hands must be disinfected. The wound is cleaned of foreign bodies, the edges are greased with a 5% alcohol solution of iodine and a sterile dressing of gauze, bandage or an individual bag is applied.