Going on a hike, you need to take care of the equipment. And first of all, you need to prepare shoes for hiking. Why is she paying such attention? Because when hiking, the main burden falls on the feet, which means that they need to be protected, and care must be taken about them.
It depends on whether you choose the right shoes. How far and how fast you will get, whether your legs will hurt, or corns will appear. And often, will you have injuries? Properly selected shoes greatly facilitate any trip.
Easy walks around the cityHiking
The choice of shoes for hiking directly depends on where and how you are going to go. In the city and on the paved track, it is quite possible to do with ordinary sneakers or sneakers. But as soon as the asphalt ends and the field, forest or mountains begin, it is time to put on specialized hiking shoes.
Firstly, it is more durable and wear-resistant, it is easier to tolerate multidirectional loads and the owner's weight increased due to the backpack. Secondly, it protects the legs from injury and damage.
Specialized shoes are distinguished by the selection of materials, and manufacturing technology. Everything is important here: the processing of the seams, and the quality of the glue, and the impregnation, and much more. The more difficult the transition to be made, the more difficult the shoes will be.
For short walks around the city, with a minimum of obstacles and almost full of lack of things, hiking shoes are suitable. The word hiking is just called easy, easy walking.
These are lightweight, albeit sturdy, soft-soled shoes. It is perfect for walking in the summer. This category includes:
- tourist sandals;
- lightweight sneakers with mesh;
- sneakers with a membrane.
Long hiking in winter and autumnWinter hiking
The best shoes for long trips to the forest are trekking boots. The word tracking professionals and understand such multi-day trips over rough terrain. They suggest relief, long descents or ascents, hills and ravines.
Trekking boots above regular sneakers. This is done in order to at least slightly fix the ankle joint. This fixation helps to avoid dislocations and bruises. And injuries on the trip are the last thing. In addition, they have a stronger and more solid sole, which protects against rubbing the legs.
In general, tracking shoes are a kind of universal layer between urban and highly specialized shoes. It allows you to diversify the load.
Experienced people, even on light walks in the hot season, prefer to wear tracking shoes. It is suitable for rather difficult, almost extreme routes. It is also advised to buy for beginner tourism lovers. For the first time. Until a person acquires special shoes for all occasions.
Often, trekking boots are made with a membrane to further protect the shoes from water. The membrane is a special spraying on the middle layer of the boot, which does not let moisture in. But it does not interfere with air exchange.
However, it must be understood that the membrane is not one hundred percent protection against moisture, nor is it absolutely breathable. With constant contact with water, it still gets wet, and drying such shoes is much more difficult than usual. And the legs breathe in such shoes a little worse than in ordinary ones.
Therefore, professionals are advised to take shoes with a membrane only on short trips, or on trips that are not associated with prolonged contact with water. In other cases, it is better to choose quick-drying shoes or pre-attend to special water-repellent impregnation.
As for materials, trekking shoes are still often made from natural materials, such as leather and nubuck. After all, the skin is really a very durable material, wear-resistant and at the same time allows air to pass through, protects from water. However, this is quite heavy material.
Today, there are synthetic materials that are not inferior to the skin in strength and wear resistance, but at the same time having less weight.
Winter hikingInsulated trekking boots
Winter hiking shoes are insulated trekking boots. They are heavier, have a special insulated layer. However, at temperatures up to - 10 degrees, it is quite possible to do with ordinary teking boots.
This is justified precisely due to greater lightness and less rigidity, which makes movement easier. However, this should not be abused. Not insulated shoes can not stand severe frosts.
Mountain Hiking Shoes
For long climbs and descents, difficult, extreme conditions, specialized climbing boots are used. For ordinary walks, they are very uncomfortable: the sole is too stiff, a high shaft with strong fixation. But for the conditions stated above, they are ideal.
In some cases, such shoes are made integral: two shoes, inserted one into the other. The external boot in this case is made of plastic, which makes it more protected from water penetration.
Usually special attention in climbing shoes is given to the sole. As a rule, it is multilayer, often with a steel amplifier, as well as with a special welt for attaching additional equipment, such as cats.
Specialized shoesSpecialized hiking shoes
Since modern wild tourism takes more than a variety of forms, specialized shoes can be the most diverse. For example, there are shoes for hiking in places associated with constant contact with water. Rafting along mountain rivers or routes associated with the passage of a large number of rivers.
Such shoes definitely have no membrane, it dries easily, but it does not accumulate water. Such shoes can be supplemented with neoprene socks that provide feet comfort even in conditions of constant humidity.
Another point is the special sole, which does not slip on wet stones.
Another type of specialized footwear is rock shoes or just rocky shoes. They have a thin enough sole so that the foot feels all the features of the relief. In addition, the sole of such shoes is made of a special material that provides the most durable fixation on stones.
Shoe covers and leggingsRain shoe covers
In order to ensure greater impermeability of shoes, there are additional devices, in particular shoe covers and leg warmers made of waterproof fabrics. Their task is to prevent water from entering through the top.
As a rule, even for mountain hiking leggings are used, which cover only the upper part of the shoe. Shoe covers cover the whole shoe, but this is rarely necessary.
Camping shoe care
Technological shoes, quite naturally, require special care. When buying shoes, it immediately makes sense to contact the seller for advice on care. And immediately you need to purchase everything you need for this tool. You can also buy specialized water-repellent impregnations in advance.
It is also important to dry the shoes properly. Many dry it on burners or even around a fire. In fact, shoes can only be dried at room temperature, naturally. To speed up the process, you can only cram crumpled paper inside the boot so that it absorbs excess moisture.
The main condition for choosing shoes for a hike is to select it for a specific situation. After all, one cannot say that, for example, urban shoes are less high-quality than hiking shoes. It’s just that in the city there are not so many obstacles and loads waiting for us, which means there is no need for more durable shoes.
Also, do not go out of town in running sneakers, especially in now fashionable sneakers with destabilization of the foot. For fitness, such shoes are really good, since such a sole promotes better work of the leg muscles. But in a campaign destabilization can be very expensive: you put your foot on a stone, look for balance, but there is no balance. There is a high risk of falling and damaging yourself.
Another point - they never go camping in new shoes. Therefore, do not buy shoes immediately before going out. Shoes need to be carried first. This will take several weeks of short, half an hour, walks around the city. This time will be enough so that the material begins to get used to your foot, but does not have time to start rubbing your feet. If the shoes are not previously spread, the trip will end with feet worn in blood.