Modern vehicles allow you to cross hundreds of thousands of kilometers in a few hours, making travel opportunities virtually limitless. And everything would be great, if not for one thing. A process such as acclimatization makes people experience unpleasant pain due to a sharp change in geographical conditions. Often it becomes the cause of spoiled rest, so it is important to know the methods of its prevention.
Types of acclimatization
Acclimatization of a person is divided into several types, depending on the conditions of the final place of stay. Each of them has common painful signs and symptoms of an individual nature.
Additionally, the risk of a repeated process that occurs after a person returns home can be an unpleasant factor. Many people must have come across the fact that acclimatization after the sea is not at all easier than upon arrival on vacation.
Due to the fact that the vast majority of people prefer trips to warm countries, this species is the most common.
The process takes place against the background of the fact that a person’s natural thermoregulation does not have time to adapt to sharply elevated air temperatures, because of which the body begins to produce an increased amount of sweat. The result is a general malaise and a feeling of tiredness, constantly thirsty. The process is especially difficult in conditions of high humidity, rather than just dry heat.As a result of increased thermoregulation in warm countries, a general malaise and a feeling of fatigue develops.
The danger of acclimatization in such conditions lies in the following risks:
- Heat stroke and general overheating of the body;
- Violation of the blood supply to internal organs;
- Loss of mineral salts;
Especially the process can be dangerous for people with disorders of the nervous system, cardiovascular, endocrine disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
With this type of body rebuilding, the risk of food poisoning is high, so it is important to be careful about the diet and have various sorbents with you.
People who find themselves in conditions of very low air temperatures may be characterized by cold acclimatization. It is due to the fact that the following environmental conditions are not normal for the body:
- A large number of days with negative temperatures per year;
- The prevalence of non-sunny days;
- Sharp differences between the volumes of solar radiation: too little in the winter and too much in the summer;
- Strong and gusty winds;
- The presence of such rare phenomena as the aurora and magnetic storms.
When exposed to such weather conditions, people may experience solar starvation, which occurs due to a lack of ultraviolet rays. Often, headaches and periodic insomnia begin to appear.
A lover of curbing a new height or just skiing, this type of acclimatization may be familiar. The higher a person rises from sea level, the more unpleasant symptoms can affect. This is due to the following features of the highlands:
- Atmospheric pressure decreases;
- The oxygen concentration in the air becomes less.
As soon as the traveler begins oxygen starvation, he experiences the following symptoms:
- Impaired breathing, shortness of breath;
- Rapid pulse and palpitations;
- Noise in the head and ears;
- Darkening in the eyes.
Inside the body at this time, the number of red blood cells in the blood increases, as well as increased ventilation of the respiratory organs.Reducing atmospheric pressure and oxygen concentration at altitude cause oxygen starvation
Hiking in the mountains can have a bad effect on people who have problems with the cardiovascular system and blood pressure. In this regard, before the trip, it is necessary to soberly assess the state of your health.
Duration and stages of manifestation
The acclimatization process has several stages. As a rule, four distinguish them:
- Initial. It does not manifest itself in any way, a person feels well, but atypical processes are already beginning to arise in the body;
- High reactivity. The first symptoms occur, and the condition begins to worsen. This stage is observed on 2-4 days;
- Alignment. There is a reverse process in which painful processes begin to disappear and adaptation to new conditions occurs faster;
- Full acclimatization. The body feels comfortable in a new place.
It is important to understand that each case is individual and depends not only on external conditions, but also on the health status of the tourist.
During this time, he can go through 2 stages of the process:
- Sharp. Reaches 7 days;
- Plain. It proceeds within 10-14 days.
Acclimatization in a hot climate is most difficult, especially if it is a zone of tropical forests or deserts. And, of course, the risk group is small children, the elderly and those with serious chronic diseases.
At first glance, signs of addiction to new environmental conditions can be confused with poisoning or the usual SARS. Possible symptoms of acclimatization include:
- Signs of a cold: runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, fever;
- Fast fatiguability;
- General weakness of the body;
- Dizziness and headache;
- Sleep disturbance: insomnia or drowsiness;
- Stool disorders: constipation or diarrhea;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Low or high blood pressure;
- Lack of appetite;
- Increased irritability, anxiety, the appearance of causeless fears.
Acclimatization in adults is often accompanied by prolonged insomnia. At this time, the immune system can significantly decrease, which causes an exacerbation of chronic diseases. And also sharply increases the risk of heat stroke.
What is the difference between acclimatization in children
Acclimatization in children is not very different from manifestations in adults. But they, as a rule, instead of insomnia, on the contrary, have severe drowsiness. The child may look very lethargic, tired and not show interest in food.
Children should be approached with special responsibility in this matter, since immunity at this age is in itself very vulnerable to external influences. It is best if a few days before the planned trip, the child begins to take the vitamin complex. In this case, we can expect that acclimatization and re-acclimatization will be much easier for him.Acclimatization is especially sensitive for a child, as his immunity is very vulnerable to external influences.
Upon arrival at a new place, the child must be allowed to rest and gain strength after the road and only after that start active walks. The regimen of sleep and nutrition is important to change gradually, shifting them not immediately for several hours. Since immunity at this time can greatly weaken, there is a high risk of a viral infection. Therefore, in the first couple of days it is better to avoid a large crowd.
In fact, nature has conceived, so that a person can acclimatize in different conditions, he only needs a certain period of time. That is why it is difficult to call this a real disease and a universal drug in this case does not exist.
In this regard, in addition to how to work on strengthening the general condition of the body, to do something else will not work with it. But it is definitely worth collecting a first-aid kit from drugs that can help soothe certain symptoms, namely:
- Antipyretic suppositories or syrups;
- Preparations for the restoration of the microflora of the stomach, as well as normalizing stool;
- Necessary medications if there are individual chronic diseases.
Also in the first-aid kit should always be a place for anti-burn and disinfectants.
Tips for easiest acclimatization
Regardless of where acclimatization takes place: in the mountains, at sea, in the tropics, or in another locality, this process is quite difficult for the body. Therefore, tips on how to prepare yourself for a sharp change in external conditions can be very useful before the trip.Regardless of your location, acclimatization is quite a complex process for the body
For easy acclimatization, you must follow these steps:
- Maintain a healthy diet and consume a complex of vitamins;
- Go in for sports or, at least, perform daily exercises;
- Start moving in advance to the time of the country in which the trip is planned;
- During the trip, consume enough drinking water;
- In a new place it is better to start with short walks, but not in the conditions of the scorching sun;
- In the early days, it is better to refrain from alcohol and exotic dishes;
- At the first unpleasant signs, you need to give yourself a rest;
- Use special protective equipment: from the sun or from the cold.
Of course, it is not always possible to adjust the trip, for example, if it does not depend on our desires and is mandatory. But if this is a planned vacation in advance, then you can consider the following tips:
- The duration of the trip should be at least 2 weeks. Otherwise, there is a risk that a person may acclimatize only towards its end;
- If the family has a small child, then the difference in hours should be no more than 3-4 hours;
- Choose a country located in one or neighboring belt with the place of initial location;
- Arrange a route so that arrival at a new place is in the evening. This will allow the body to relax and gain strength after the trip.
As you can see, the physically stronger the body, the easier acclimatization takes place for it, so it is important to pay attention to sports and a healthy diet.